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Nuclear power – the energy balance

 

Due to its length the original report has been divided into a number of parts (labeled Part A - Part H), each of which can be downloaded separately. Each part addresses certain aspects or phases of the study and may be updated later on, independently of the other parts. Each part has its own list of references, each reference being coded with a unique code (e.g. Q6) which is used throughout the publications of the author.

Part A  (pdf 280 kB) October 2007 Nuclear power in its global context

To place nuclear power in its global context, the current nuclear share of world energy supply and greenhouse gas mitigation is addressed. A confusing manipulation of statistical data is widely used in the official energy statistics, which actually is in conflict with the First Law of thermodynamics. The nuclear share in 2010 was 1.9% of the world energy supply. Consequently, assumed nuclear power is free of greenhouse gases (which it is not), the nuclear contribution to the mitigation of the anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases would be at most 1.9%.

References

Part B (pdf 512 kB) October 2007 The reference reactor

B1        Which reactor technology?

B2        Primary reactor parameters

B3        Load factor and operational lifetime

B4        Secondary reactor parameters

B5        The nuclear system

References

Part C (pdf 668 kB) October 2007 Energy analysis – the method

C1        Methodology

C2        Energy balance of the nuclear system

C3        Performance parameters

C4        Energy debt and CO2 debt

C5        Other greenhouse gases

References

Part D (pdf 1 MB) October 2007 Uranium

D1        World known recoverable uranium resources

D2        World known recoverable uranium resources by grade

D3        Recovery of uranium from the earth’s crust

D4        Energy requirements of uranium recovery

D5        In situ leach (ISL) uranium mining

D6        Mine reclamation

D7        Process analysis of the Ranger mine

D8        Olympic Dam

D9        Uranium from unconventional resources: phosphates, shales and granites

D10      Uranium from seawater

D12      MOX fuel

D11      World uranium outlook

References

Part E (pdf 640 kB) October 2007 Energy analysis – process data

E1        Nuclear process chain: outline and uranium mass balance

E2        Processes of the nuclear chain

E3        Summary tables of the basic chain parameters

References

Part F (pdf 1.2 MB) December 2007 Reactor: construction operation, maintenance and refurbishmentsdecommissioning and dismantling

F1        Construction cost

F2        Construction materials requirements

F3        Construction energy - other studies

F4        Construction energy - methodology and results

F5 Operation, maintenance and refurbishments

F6        Decommissioning and dismantling

References

Part G (pdf 1.3 MB) January 2008 Energy analysis – results

G1        Outline of the energy analysis

G2 System parameters with a fixed value

G3        Energy inputs of the first core

G4        Energy inputs of one reload charge

G5        Lifetime parameters

G6        Energy cliff, CO2 trap and energy debt

References

Part H (pdf 672 kB) February 2008 The future of nuclear power

H1        Scenarios

H2        Depletion of the known uranium resources

H3        Uranium supply in the future

H4 Uranium supply: conclusions

References

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